BY MIKE SCHNEIDER – Associated Press
Here’s a look at how the 10 most populous metro areas in the US changed in the first full year of the pandemic from mid-2020 to mid-2021, according to US Census Bureau population estimates released Thursday. The population estimates calculate births and deaths as well as internal and external migration.
NEW YORK CITY: The exodus from the largest US metropolitan areas was led by New York, which lost nearly 328,000 residents. The decline was driven by people migrating to the United States, even though the metro area was gaining new residents from abroad and births were outpacing deaths. The population dropped to 19.7 million inhabitants.
LOS ANGELES: Los Angeles lost nearly 176,000 residents, the second largest decline among US metropolitan areas. As in New York, births outnumbered deaths and the number of international residents increased. But it wasn’t even close enough to absorb the loss of tens of thousands of residents who have moved away. The population dropped to 12.9 million inhabitants.
CHICAGO: The loss of more than 91,000 residents in the greater Chicago area was caused by emigration. As in New York and Los Angeles, births exceeded deaths in Chicago, but the increase was much smaller than in the other two metro areas. The population was 9.5 million inhabitants.
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DALLAS: The Dallas region grew by more than 97,000 residents in 2021, the most of any US metropolitan area. Almost two-thirds of the growth came from people moving from elsewhere, and the rest came from births. The population rose to 7.7 million inhabitants.
HOUSTON: The 69,000 residents Houston added was the third highest of any US metropolitan area. Births accounted for more than half of the growth, although migration of new residents was not far behind. More than a third of immigrants to the Houston area came from outside the United States. Houston’s population was 7.2 million.
WASHINGTON: The nation’s capital has lost nearly 29,000 residents in its metropolitan area. A gain of 25,000 babies was not enough to overcome the tens of thousands of residents who left the region. The population was 6.3 million inhabitants.
PHILADELPHIA: Greater Philadelphia lost more than 13,000 residents. About three-quarters of the loss was from people leaving the country, and the rest was caused by deaths that exceeded births. The metropolitan area had 6.2 million inhabitants.
ATLANTA: The Atlanta area grew by almost 43,000 people. Almost 60% of the new residents were newcomers, with the rest coming from births. It had 6.1 million inhabitants.
MIAMI: Greater Miami has lost more than 34,000 residents. The outflow of residents from the metro area has more than doubled the sizeable increase in new residents arriving from abroad. Deaths accounted for about 5% of the population loss. The subway had 6 million inhabitants.
PHOENIX: Greater Phoenix had the second largest population increase among US metros, increasing by more than 78,000 residents. Almost all of the growth was driven by residents from other places moving into the Valley of the Sun. Even more than in Dallas or Houston, the natural increase in births accounted for a very small proportion of growth – about 10%. The population grew to 4.9 million inhabitants.
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